Research

The Injury Prevention Center (IPC) at Connecticut Children's has two broad research goals:

  1. To design, implement and evaluate innovative interventions in the field
  2. To address the significant gap in the translation of evidence-based interventions into practical community-based programs and policy

Below is a list of current studies underway.

CT Department of Children and Families (DCF) Response to IPV

Study Objectives:

  • To examine the proportion of children identified as impacted by psychological and physical forms of IPV at different stages of information processing.
  • To compare the severity of IPV identified in all reports and investigations to test the hypothesis that families triaged to investigation show evidence of greater exposure to IPV than families triaged to FAR.
  • To examine whether families with more severe IPV show evidence of more extensive involvement with the Department, including a greater number of past allegations, documentation of more severe forms of child-directed violence, and a greater number of out-of-home placements.
  • To examine whether families with more severe indicators of children’s exposure to IPV show greater recidivism in the form of additional allegations over the course of 12 months.

Study Team: Beebe (Co-PI), DiVietro (Co-PI), Grasso (Co-PI), Livingston, Borrup, Clough, Lapidus

Funded by CT DCF

The Prevalence of Domestic Violence in Community Hair Salons

Study Objectives:

    • To determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence among women receiving services at hair salons

Study Team: Beebe (Co-PI), DiVietro (Co-PI), Joseph (Co-PI), Borrup, Dunn, Lapidus

Funded by the Petit Family Foundation

Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma-Related Risk in Newborn Infants

Study Objectives:

      • To examine associations between maternal exposure to childhood and adulthood trauma/violence and pregnancy risk factors
      • To examine stress-related epigenetic markers in newborn infants in the context of maternal trauma exposure and related impairment

Study Team: Grasso (PI), Clough

Funded by CT Institute for Clinical and Translational Science and Patterson Trust

The Prevalence of Domestic Violence among admitted Trauma Patients

Study Objectives:

      • To improve identification and screening of IPV in the Hartford Hospital trauma center by implementing a dual-method screening and decision-making system.
      • To collect data to inform the development of a probabilistic algorithm that will use existing patient record information to flag patients at high risk for IPV

Study Team: Joseph (PI), Beebe, Borrup, DiVietro, Grasso, Clough, Lapidus

Funded by Hartford Hospital Research Grant Program

Police Arrests for Family Violence in CT

Study Objectives:

      • To describe the frequency and patterns of 911 police arrests for family violence in Connecticut

Study Team: Grasso (Co PI), Beebe (Co-PI), DiVietro (Co-PI), Bentivegna, Borrup, Lapidus

Family Violence Arrest: An examination of the police arrest form used in the U.S.

Study Objectives

      • To describe the data being collected by state and local law enforcement agencies during a 911 family violence arrest

Study Team: Beebe (PI), Borrup, DiVietro, Grasso, Corrigan, Clough, Lapidus

Attitudes, Beliefs, and Practices of Pediatricians Regarding Youth Suicide

Study Objectives:

      • To identify attitudes and current practice trends among pediatricians in the state of Connecticut when working with patients reporting suicidal ideation.
      • To document practice barriers as reported by pediatricians in the state of Connecticut when working with patients reporting suicidal ideation.

Study Team: Borrup (Co-PI), Rogers (Co-PI), Woods

Lethal Means Restriction in a Pediatric Emergency Department

Study Objectives:

      • To determine if, when and where caregivers report receiving lethal means restriction counseling following a PED visit.
      • To determine if caregivers made changes in the home following PED visit and comparing that to child perception of lethal means restriction.

Study Team: Rogers (PI), Borrup, DiVietro, Kaminer, Mangini, Lapidus

Assessment of Integration of Mental Health Care within Pediatric Primary Care in Connecticut

Study Objectives:

      • To describe perceived roles, relationships, and practice management as it relates to or influences the integration of mental health care within the pediatric practice setting.
      • To engage pediatricians in an action learning priority-setting process that supports the change process, informing a more integrated system of mental health care for children.

Study Team: Borrup (Co-PI), Rogers (Co-PI)

Motorcycle Safety and Protective Equipment: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors of Students and Teachers of the Connecticut Basic Motorcycle Safety Course

Study Objectives:

      • To examine attitudes and beliefs about the use of helmets and personal protective equipment of students before and after completing the CONREP BRC and of CONREP trainers.
      • To estimate helmet and PPE use among trainers of the CONREP BRC and among students both before and after taking the course.
      • To explore determinants of motorcycle helmet and PPE use of students and trainers of the CONREP BRC.

Study Team: DiVietro (PI), Joseph, Lapidus

Integrating the CDC STEADI Elderly Fall Prevention Protocol into a Geriatric Primary Care Practice

Study Objectives:

      • To implement, evaluate, and sustain the evidence-based STEADI (Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries) elderly fall prevention program at Hartford Hospital Senior Primary Care

Study Team: Kurtakoti (PI), Becherl, Waszynski, Lapidus

The Effects of Different Classes of Oral Anticoagulants in Elderly Falls at a Level 1 Trauma Center

Study Objectives:

      • To determine the relative risks of injury and compare outcomes in the elderly suffering from a traumatic fall while on various anticoagulant medications.

Study Team: Wilson (Co-PI), Joseph (Co-PI), Campbell, Lapidus

An E-Parenting Skills Intervention to Decrease Injured Adolescent’s Alcohol Use

Study Objectives:

      • To examine the feasibility and acceptability of conducting an e-parenting skills intervention (computer intervention, text messages, and web-based message board) at three pediatric trauma centers.
      • To determine preliminary effects on alcohol use and alcohol related negative consequences at six month follow-up among injured adolescents screening positive for alcohol use whose parents receive an e-parenting skills intervention (computer intervention, text messages, web based message board) that would be used along with primary aim data, to calculate a sample size in for a fully powered trial.

Study Team: Campbell (Co-PI), Lapidus (Co-PI), Corrigan, Clough

Connecticut Violent Death Reporting System

Study Objectives:

      • Collect comprehensive data from various sources on all violent deaths (homicides, suicides, accidental firearm deaths, deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths from legal intervention) and unintentional drug overdose deaths into a usable database
      • Describe circumstances and identify risk factors surrounding deaths
      • Utilize data to guide prevention programs and policy

Study Team: Logan (PI), Clinton, Lapidus

Funded by the Centers for Disease Control

Basic Choking Awareness Education to Improve Parental Knowledge

Study Objectives:

      • To document baseline/pre-intervention knowledge of choking hazards by parents.
      • To document knowledge gain as a result of the provision of basic choking hazard education to parents.
      • To document parental retention of choking hazard information at the 1 to 4 month period following the intervention.

Study Team: Borrup (Co-PI), Schoem (Co-PI), Clough, Bentivegna