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Health Information For Kids
Autism (say: AW-tiz-um) spectrum disorder is a difference in the way a kid’s brain develops. Kids with autism may have trouble understanding the world around them.
A kid with autism might have trouble:
Kids also might move in an unusual way (like flapping their hands) or do the same thing over and over (like saying the same word).
A kid with autism may have a little trouble with these things, or a lot. Some kids need only a little bit of help, and others might need a lot of help with learning and doing everyday stuff.
Autism is something people are born with. No one knows exactly what causes it. It probably has something to do with a kid’s genes and other things that change the way the brain develops.
Doctors check babies and little kids for signs of autism at every checkup. A parent may think that something is wrong and tell the doctor. Maybe the child is old enough to speak but doesn’t. Or a kid doesn’t seem interested in people or plays in unusual ways.
When a doctor thinks a kid might have autism, he or she will work with a team of experts to see if it is autism or something else.
There is no cure for autism, but treatment can make a big difference. The younger kids are when they start treatment, the better.
Doctors, therapists, and special education teachers can help kids learn to talk, play, and learn. Therapists also help kids learn about making friends, taking turns, and getting along.
Some people with ASD do not feel that they have a disorder and don’t want to change. They’re proud of who they are and they want to be accepted, even though they may have different strengths and weaknesses than most other people.
All people deserve respect. But kids with ASD may be teased, bullied, or left out because they’re different. Bullying and teasing are never the right way to treat other people, but it may be hard to be a friend with someone who has ASD.
Kids with ASD often don’t understand playful jokes. You may need to be very clear when you communicate with someone who has ASD.
Try to be patient and kind. Remember how hard it might be for the person with ASD to understand how to be a friend. Stand up for classmates who are bullied. Tell adults, so they can help protect kids who are bullied.
Sometimes kids with autism want to make new friends, but arenât sure how to do it. This article can help.
Choose friends who are nice to you. Here’s how to tell if someone is nice, or is being mean.
You might visit a speech therapist if you’re having trouble speaking or understanding others. Find out more in this article for kids.
Lots of kids have special needs. Find out more in this article for kids.
Occupational therapy helps children overcome obstacles to be as independent as possible. Learn more about OT.
A clique is a group of kids who hang out together. It’s kind of like a club. The trouble is, the leaders of a clique won’t let everyone join. Find out how to handle cliques in this article for kids.
As you get older, your body changes. This is called puberty. Here’s what to expect.
Learning how to take care of your body is part of growing up. Here’s what to do to keep yourself clean and healthy.
Learning how to take care of your body is part of growing up. Here’s what you need to do to stay healthy and clean.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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