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Health Information For Kids
If you’re an active kid — or are a little clumsy — you’ve probably had a bruise or two. But what are those funny-colored marks on your body, exactly?
A bruise is also called a contusion (say: kun-TOO-zhun). Some people bruise easily, while others have tougher skin tissue.
Bruises form when the soft tissues of the body get bumped. When they do, small veins and capillaries (the tiniest blood vessels) under the skin sometimes break. Red blood cells leak out of these blood vessels. These red blood cells that collect under your skin cause that bluish, purplish, reddish, or blackish mark. That’s where black-and-blue marks get their name — from their color under the skin.
Bruises go through colorful changes as the body begins to heal itself. The color changes mean that your body is metabolizing (say: meh-TAB-oh-lye-zing), or breaking down, the blood cells in the skin. This is the process that your body goes through to repair itself.
Imagine a baseball hits you in the leg. Ouch! Your body will go through these phases:
Most bruises will disappear after 2 weeks, and some go away even sooner. If a bruise does not go away after 2 weeks, let your parent know.
To help reduce swelling or the amount of bruising after an injury, apply a cold compress to the bruise for at least 10 minutes. And be sure to wear a helmet and protective pads to help you avoid getting bruises!
Sports injuries often can be prevented. Find out how in this article for kids.
You may be young, but you probably already have a scar or two. But why did you get them? How can you prevent them? Find out in this article written just for kids!
Most kids need stitches at one time or another to help a cut heal properly. Read this article to learn all about stitches and what they do.
Some simple rules can keep you safe on two wheels. Lean more about bike riding in this article for kids.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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