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Health Information For Kids
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is a way to help a person who has stopped breathing, and whose heart may have stopped beating, to stay alive. “Cardio” is about the heart and “pulmonary” is about the lungs. “Resuscitation” means “revive.”
The person giving CPR — called a rescuer — follows three main steps, which are known as C-A-B:
The rescuer presses on the person’s chest many times in a row to move blood out of the heart that has stopped beating.
The rescuer, after doing 30 chest compressions, checks the airway by listening and looking to see if the person is breathing.
Rescue breathing helps to move oxygen, which everyone needs to live, down into the lungs of the person who isn’t breathing. If the person is not breathing, TWO rescue breaths are given.
The steps in CPR (compressions, airway, and breathing) should be used whenever someone is not breathing and when their heart is not beating.
If an emergency happens or someone becomes very sick while you’re around, do your best to stay calm.
First, try to get the person to respond by gently shaking their shoulder and asking, “Are you OK?”
If the person doesn’t respond and someone nearby is certified (trained) in CPR, they can begin CPR. If you’re alone, shout for help or call 911 yourself.
Some people need to know how to perform CPR to do their jobs. Many medical people — from nurses and doctors to paramedics and emergency medicine technicians — must know CPR.
Lifeguards, childcare workers, school coaches, and trainers usually have to learn CPR. Many parents know how to perform CPR on kids in case of emergency.
Many people — maybe you — might want to learn how to do CPR just in case they need to use it someday. You can never tell when a medical emergency will happen and it’s good to know that you could help.
The American Red Cross, American Heart Association, and the National Safety Council all offer CPR courses. You also might find CPR classes at your local hospital, places of worship, the YMCA, or your school.
You’re usually ready to take a CPR course and get certified if you are in middle school or above. Talk with your mom or dad if you’d like to learn how to do it. Knowing CPR can be a real lifesaver!
You can be a big help when someone is hurt or in danger. How? By dialing 911. Find out more in this article for kids.
It may seem scary to go to a hospital, but doctors and nurses are there to help people who are sick or hurt feel better. Read our article for kids to find out what happens inside a hospital.
In a medical emergency, kids can be heroes just by calling for help. Find out more in this article for kids.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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