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Health Information For Parents
When your child becomes a teenager, you’ll need to start planning for his or her future after high school. Where will your child live as an adult? Is college or vocational school an option? What about employment?
It’s a lot to consider, but transition planning can help. With some careful thought and help from your child’s school, doctors, and your state’s government agencies, you can make the move to adulthood as smooth as possible for you and your child.
Here are 6 steps to consider.
Some schools start planning for a teen’s future at age 13 or 14; by federal law, a transition individualized education program (IEP) must be started by age 16. The transition IEP addresses whether a teen is able to:
If higher education is not a good fit, maybe:
The IEP team will talk with you and your teen about goals for the future.
The transition IEP also addresses where your teen will live in adulthood. If independent living, supervised living, or a group home are options, the IEP may outline what supports need to be in place to make this possible. This could include instruction on the basics of navigating the world alone, such as how to take a public bus, or lessons on how to manage money and plan healthy meals.
You state’s developmental disabilities agency may be able to connect you with programs and services that benefit your teen. For your teen to be eligible, you must register him or her with the state’s developmental disabilities agency. Waiting lists for certain programs, such as group home placement, can be as long as 10 years, so register as early as possible.
To learn more about the benefits available to your teen and how to apply for assistance, visit the U.S. government’s Benefit Finder.
If your teen is interested in pursuing higher education or job training, but you’re not sure what would be a good fit, look into what’s available. There are many paths that people can take, including:
When deciding what’s best for your teen, sit down together and talk about interests and abilities. If you need help deciding what sort of real-world job skills your teen has, consider talking to a vocational counselor. A vocational counselor can help identify skills that employers need.
Remember that your teen is still growing and learning every day. By the time high school ends, he or she may decide to go in a different direction. So be flexible and keep the options open as you plan for the future.
When kids turn 18, no matter what their abilities, they’re considered adults in the eyes of the law. If your teen cannot make decisions about medical or financial affairs, consider securing a power of attorney. This will let you continue to make medical or financial decisions on your teen’s behalf.
Also, look into health insurance options. For now, adult children can remain on a parent’s private health insurance until age 26. After that age, a young adult may qualify for health coverage through Medicaid. Your teen also may qualify for Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI), so find out how to ensure that he or she gets all the benefits to which he or she is entitled.
Now is also time to take another look at your will. You might have other children who are coming into adulthood. Consider talking with your other kids about the care your teen will need in adulthood, and whether they want to be involved in that care.
Your teen’s body is maturing. This means that he or she might want to have a romantic relationship that may include sex. If your teen is able, have him or her talk to the doctor about protection from unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Unfortunately, people with disabilities are more likely to be victims of sexual assault. So it’s important to talk with your teen about appropriate versus inappropriate touch and sexual behavior. Let your teen know to come to you if he or she ever feels uncomfortable, or if someone touches your teen in an inappropriate way.
You may have relied on the same team of pediatricians, specialists, and therapists for your child’s entire life. But most child-focused health care providers will require that your teen transition to adult care by age 21.
Talk with the current care providers for referrals to others who can care for your teen in adulthood. Also, friends, support groups, or national autism awareness groups might be able to recommend providers.
Autism spectrum disorder affects a child’s ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.
When your child is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, there’s a lot to learn. This 7-step checklist can help you find the best path forward.
Having a plan for the future can help your big kid reach his or her full potential. Follow this 8-step checklist to help your child succeed during the elementary school years.
What teachers should know about autism, and teaching strategies to help students with autism do their best in school.
Autism spectrum disorder can make communicating and interacting with other people difficult. Find out more.
Spend time with people who are nice to you. Here’s how to tell when someone is being nice, or being mean.
You might want to make new friends, but arenât sure how to do it. This article for teens with autism can help.
Knowing what to say comes naturally for some people, but others need some help. Hereâs advice for teens who want to learn how to get along with people.
Now that you’re older, your body may be changing. This is a normal part of growing up. Here’s what’s going on.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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