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Health Information For Parents
Also called: CP; Cerebral Palsy; Spastic Paralysis; Infantile Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a brain disorder that affects muscle tone and motor skills (the ability to coordinate body movements).
Infantile cerebral palsy may be caused by:
Problems during labor and delivery also can sometimes cause CP.
Cerebral palsy makes muscle control and coordination difficult. Everything from standing still and breathing to bladder and bowel control can be affected in someone with cerebral palsy.
CP also can lead to other health issues, including vision, hearing, and speech problems, and learning disabilities. Kids with severe cerebral palsy also may have seizures, speech and communication problems, and sometimes mental retardation.
Cerebral palsy does not get worse over time. There is no cure for CP, but treatment, therapy, special equipment, and (in some cases) surgery can have a big impact on a child’s development and quality of life.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Genetics is the study of the way physical traits and characteristics get passed down from one generation to the next.
Lots of kids have special needs. Find out more in this article for kids.
Working with a certified speech-language pathologist can help a child with speech or language difficulties.
Cerebral palsy is one of the most common developmental disabilities in the United States. It affects a person’s ability to move and coordinate body movements.
Some birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.
Occupational therapy can help improve kids’ cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.
Doctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability. Learn more about PT.
Why does one kid have green eyes while another kid’s eyes are brown? It’s all in the genes! Find out how genes work, what happens when there are problems with genes, and more.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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