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Health Information For Parents
Ewing sarcoma is a cancerous tumor that can happen in any bone in the body, but most often happens in bones of the arms, legs, rib, spine and pelvis. Occasionally, a tumor can develop outside of a bone in the soft tissue around it.
Most cases happen in teens and young adults (10 to 20 years old) and Ewing sarcoma affects more males than females.
Someone with Ewing sarcoma might have:
If the cancer spreads, or metastasizes, it usually goes to the lungs, other bones, or to the bone marrow (the spongy material inside the bone).
To diagnose Ewing sarcoma, a doctor will do an exam, take a detailed
, and order some tests.
Tests can include:
If the doctor diagnoses Ewing sarcoma, the child will have other imaging tests to see if the cancer has spread to any other part of the body. Doctors will also order blood tests to make sure that organs like the heart, liver, and kidneys are working well enough to tolerate treatment.
How doctors treat Ewing sarcoma depends on:
The types of treatment used include some or all of these:
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy often is given first to shrink the tumor, improve pain, and stop the spread of cancer. Doctors also may use chemotherapy after radiation therapy or surgery to prevent the cancer cells from coming back.
Chemotherapy usually lasts 6 months to a year. During treatment, the child will usually stay in the hospital for a 3–6 days every 2 to 3 weeks. Some kids may need to return to the hospital between treatments if they have side effects, like fever or infection, or if they need a blood transfusion.
After chemotherapy, the doctor’s goal is to continue to kill tumor cells around the tumor. This can be done with:
Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays are directed at the tumor to kill cancer cells. Doctors may use radiation to shrink the tumor before surgery. They may also use it instead of surgery if the tumor’s location makes surgery difficult and might lead to long-term problems.
Surgery: The surgeon removes the tumor by cutting it out and trying to remove all of the tissue around the tumor that contains cancer cells. The goal is to have “negative margins” (this means cancer cells are not seen under the microscope in the tissue from the area outside the tumor).
Doctors sometimes do reconstructive surgery to rebuild the area where the tumor and other tissue was. They can do this with:
Sometimes, to make sure they remove all the cancer, doctors might need to amputate the affected limb (surgically removing all or part of it along with the tumor). A prosthesis (artificial arm or leg) can replace what was removed. In some cases, amputation offers the best chance for cure.
Complications after surgery can include:
Chemotherapy-related side effects can include:
Amputation-related problems can include:
Ewing sarcoma has the best chance of being cured when it’s treated by experts in pediatric cancer treatment. Young adults may benefit from treatment at a children’s hospital instead of an adult hospital because of the care team’s expertise.
Successful treatment is harder if the disease spreads to other parts of the body. But with the combination of treatments available — and powerful new therapies on the horizon — the outlook for kids with advanced disease is improving.
Having a child being treated for cancer can feel overwhelming for any family. But you’re not alone. To find support, talk to anyone on the care team or a hospital social worker. Many resources are available to help you and your child. You also can find information and support online at:
When chemotherapy and other treatments attack cancer cells, they can affect some of the body’s healthy cells too. As a teen, you’ll want to know what this can mean to your fertility.
Cancer is a serious illness that needs special treatment. Find out more about how kids can cope with cancer.
When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.
Chemotherapy is a big word for treatment with medicines used to help people who have cancer. This medicine kills the cancer cells that are making the person sick.
Chemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells. Find out how chemo works and what to expect when getting treatment.
Visit our Cancer Center for teens to get information and advice on treating and coping with cancer.
It’s unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.
From treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.
Different kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.
Learn about neuroblastoma, a rare type of childhood cancer that develops in infants and young children.
Certain cancers, or cancer treatment, can weaken the immune system, requiring a child to stay home to avoid exposure to germs. Here are ways to help your child make the best of it.
Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Boys are more likely to have osteosarcoma than girls, and most cases of osteosarcoma involve the knee.
While some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.
Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor that shows up in the body’s soft tissues. With early diagnosis and timely treatment, most kids make a full recovery.
Long-term side effects, or late effects, happen to many cancer survivors. With early diagnosis and proper follow-up care, most late effects can be treated or cured.
Side effects of cancer treatment can include flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects go away.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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