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Health Information For Parents
Head injuries are common in children and teens. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels.
Head injuries can be mild, like a bump on the head, or more serious, like a concussion. In kids, most are mild and don’t injure the brain.
Most head injuries in childhood are due to falls. They also happen from:
Head injuries can be:
An injury can cause a concussion, contusion, fracture, or bleeding:
A child with a head injury might:
Doctors diagnose head injuries by asking questions about how the injury happened and doing a careful exam of the head. They’ll also check to see how the nerves are working.
Most children with a mild brain injury don’t need medical tests. Doctors often do a CAT scan of the head if the injury is more serious.
Signs that the injury could be serious include:
Call your health care provider right away if your child had a head injury and:
If your child is not an infant, has not lost consciousness, and is alert and behaving normally after the fall or blow:
If your child’s skin color and breathing are normal, and you don’t sense a problem, let your child sleep unless the doctor tells you otherwise. There’s no need to keep a child awake after a head injury.
Trust your instincts. If you think your child doesn’t look or seem right, partly awaken your child by sitting them up. They should fuss a bit and attempt to resettle. If your child still seems very drowsy, try to awaken them fully. If you can’t wake your child, call your health care provider or 911 for an ambulance.
It’s impossible to protect kids from every injury. But you can help prevent head blows. Most important, childproof your home to prevent household accidents.
Learn about the different types of head injuries, and find out what to do if your child is seriously injuried.
Although most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.
Participation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here’s how to protect your kids.
Concussions are serious injuries that can be even more serious if kids don’t get the time and rest needed to heal them completely.
You might think of babies and toddlers when you hear the words “babyproofing” or “childproofing,” but unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in kids 14 and under.
ATVs are off-road vehicles often used for recreation. But kids 16 and younger shouldn’t ride them. Find out why, and more, here.
All body parts take time to heal, even brains.This article for teens has tips on what doctors often recommend to help people heal from a concussion.
Concussions are serious injuries. Here’s how to help protect kids and teens from these mild traumatic brain injuries.
As long as people play sports, there will be concussions from time to time. Find out how to protect yourself and what to do if you get a concussion playing sports.
In an emergency, health care professionals will have many questions about a patient’s medical history. It’s easy to compile this information now, and it could save critical minutes later.
Inline skating is good exercise and an excellent off-season training program for hockey and skiing. To stay safe while inline skating, take a look at these tips.
Skateboarding is undeniably cool, but it’s also easy to get hurt. Keep it safe while skateboarding with these safety tips.
You practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries – and how to avoid getting them.
In a concussion, the brain shifts inside the skull. This can cause a sudden – but usually temporary – disruption in a person’s ability to function properly and feel well. Here’s what to do if you suspect a concussion.
Here’s how to help protect kids from a dangerous fall or a tumble into a sharp edge in your home.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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