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Health Information For Parents
Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer. It develops in white blood cells in the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system.
The lymphatic system includes:
— that connect these parts
Hodgkin lymphoma begins in the lymph nodes of the neck or chest and then spreads from one part of the lymphatic system to another.
In Hodgkin lymphoma, the tumors usually contain unique cells called Reed-Sternberg cells. These large cancer cells are not seen in other lymphomas.
Hodgkin lymphoma can happen at any age. But it’s most common in teens (15 years and older).
Some patients have no symptoms. Others may have one or more of these:
Hodgkin lymphoma is caused by a
(a change in a gene) in the
of growing white blood cells called B lymphocytes. These mutations are not inherited.
Having a sibling who has had Hodgkin lymphoma increases the risk of someone getting this type of cancer.
The risk also is higher for people who:
When Hodgkin disease is suspected, doctors will order a number of tests.
A biopsy (removal of tissue for testing) of the lymph node is usually the first test. The two types of biopsies are:
If the biopsy confirms Hodgkin lymphoma, more tests might be done to see if the cancer has spread. These include:
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma may include:
Chemotherapy (chemo): This treatment uses medicines to kill cancer cells and stop their growth.
Immunotherapy: Sometimes called biologic therapy, this treatment helps a person’s immune system fight cancer.
Stem cell transplant (bone marrow transplant): This treatment takes a patient’s (or a donor’s) cells from their bone marrow or blood and transplants them to the patient after chemo.
Radiation therapy: This treatment uses high-energy X-rays to shrink tumors and prevent them from growing. Also called X-ray therapy.
Clinical trials: These are ways to test new cancer treatments or compare them with existing treatments. These trials may include all the other types of therapy, and are often aimed at decreasing overall side effects.
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is successful for most kids and teens. The treatment used is based on staging. Staging is a way to describe how much cancer is in the body and where it is at the time of diagnosis. The stage at diagnosis can help the cancer team choose the best therapy and predict how someone with lymphoma will do in the long term.
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma destroys good cells along with bad ones. This can cause side effects.
Intensive lymphoma treatment affects the bone marrow, causing anemia, easy bleeding, and increasing the risk for serious infections.
Chemotherapy treatments have side effects, such as:
Most kids and teens with Hodgkin lymphoma are cured, meaning they will have long-term cancer-free survival.
After treatment, anyone who has had Hodgkin lymphoma should have regular checkups throughout their life to make sure the lymphoma hasn’t come back.
Having a child being treated for cancer can feel overwhelming for any family. But you’re not alone. To find support, talk to your child’s doctor or a hospital social worker. Many resources are available to help you get through this difficult time.
You also can find information and support online at:
Chemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.
Different kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.
It’s hard to know how to respond when someone you love â someone your own age â is diagnosed with cancer. Here are some thoughts on dealing with feelings and helping your friend.
Certain cancers, or cancer treatment, can weaken the immune system, requiring a child to stay home to avoid exposure to germs. Here are ways to help your child make the best of it.
When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also called non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma) is a is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The majority of kids with this type of cancer are cured.
Cancer is a serious illness that needs special treatment. Find out more about how kids can cope with cancer.
Lymphoma is cancer that begins in the body’s lymphatic tissue. It’s a common type of cancer in children, but most recover from it.
Amanda’s life changed dramatically when she was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s disease. Find out more in this article for kids.
Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.
Stem cells help rebuild a weakened immune system. Stem cell transplants are effective treatments for a wide range of diseases, including cancer.
Stem cells can develop into cells with different skills, so they’re useful in treating diseases like cancer.
Taking care of a chronically ill child is one of the most draining and difficult tasks a parent can face. But support groups, social workers, and family friends often can help.
Visit our Cancer Center for teens to get information and advice on treating and coping with cancer.
From treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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