Visit our foundation to give a gift.
View Locations Near Me
Main Campus – Hartford
Connecticut Children’s – Waterbury
Urgent Care – Farmington
Specialty Care Center – Danbury
Connecticut Children’s Surgery Center at Farmington
Specialty Care Center – Fairfield
Search All Locations
Find a doctor
Find A Doctor
Request an Appointment
Amenities and Services
Who’s Who on Care Team
Getting Ready for Surgery
What to Expect—Picture Stories
Pay a Bill
Understanding the Different Fees
Pricing Transparency and Estimates
Raytheon Technologies Family Resource Center
Family Advisory Council
Legal Advocacy: Benefits, Education, Housing
Electronic Health Records
Share Your Story
Pay a Bill
Login to MyChart
Clinical Support Services Referrals
About the Network
Join the Network
Graduate Medical Education
Continuing Medical Education
MOC/Practice Quality Improvement
Educating Practices in the Community (EPIC)
Learning & Performance
Meet our Physician Relations Team
Request Medical Records
Join our Referring Provider Advisory Board
View our Physician Callback Standards
Read & Subscribe to Medical News
Register for Email Updates
Update Your Practice Information
Refer a Patient
Find and Print Health Info
Health Information For Parents
Inflammation is one way the body reacts to infection, injury, or other medical conditions.
Inflammation (in-fluh-MAY-shin) can be acute or chronic:
Symptoms of inflammation include:
For example, if a child skins his knee, inflammation causes the area to get red and swollen. It also causes pain in the knee, making it hard to use the knee normally.
Chronic inflammation can lead to other symptoms, such as tiredness and fever.
Different things cause inflammation, including:
The immune system’s job is to fight germs and diseases. When an infection, injury, or other medical conditions damages the body, the immune system brings healing cells to the area. These cells give off chemicals that make the blood vessels dilate (get bigger). This lets more blood get to the area, bringing more healing cells with it. The increased blood flow also causes redness and warmth. Some healing cells and fluid pass into the injured areas, leading to swelling there.
The chemicals also trigger nerves to send pain messages to the brain. This pain lets someone know to protect that area of the body so it can heal.
In vasculitis (vass-kyuh-LYE-tis), inflammation affects blood vessels. The walls of the blood vessels get damaged. This can make it hard for blood to get to the body’s organs, such as the heart, lungs, intestines, and kidneys.
Inflammation is often part of the healing process. So it might not need treatment. If treatment is needed, your doctor may recommend:
Call the doctor if your child:
The immune system, composed of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that protect against germs and microorganisms, is the body’s defense against disease.
The immune system is made up of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that defend people against germs and microorganisms.
Kids can get a kind of arthritis that causes joint pain. Find out more in this article for kids.
Asthma is a lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn all about asthma here.
Asthma makes it hard to breathe. But with treatment, the condition can be managed so that kids can still do the things they love. Learn all about asthma.
A C-reactive protein (CRP) blood test is used to identify inflammation or infection in the body.
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) causes inflammation throughout the body. Doctors are trying to find out how these symptoms are related to coronavirus (COVID-19) infection.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. When a person has bronchitis, it may be harder for air to pass in and out of the lungs.
This article is all about bruises, including why they happen, how to make them go away faster, and why they turn all those funny colors.
It’s normal to get a stomachache once in a while, but some kids have something more serious called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Find out more about it.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to two chronic diseases that cause intestinal inflammation: ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Although they have features in common, there are some important differences.
Inflammatory bowel disease is an ongoing illness caused by an inflammation of the intestines. There are two kinds of IBD: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
In juvenile idiopathic arthritis (also called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)), a person can develop swollen, warm, and painful joints. Learn more.
Learn about juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a specific kind of arthritis that usually occurs in kids and teens younger than 17.
Kawasaki disease is an illness that causes inflammation in blood vessels throughout the body. When symptoms are noticed early and treated, kids begin to feel better within a few days.
Healthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.
Knee injuries are common among young athletes. Learn about causes, treatments, and prevention.
If you’ve been waking up with headaches, feeling stuffy or congested, and experiencing swelling around your eyes, you may have sinusitis – an infection of the sinus air spaces found in the bones around the nose.
How well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it. Good home care is an important part of healing.
How well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it â as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
© 1995-2020 KidsHealth®. All rights reserved.
Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, Veer, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com.