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Health Information For Parents
Interventional radiology (IR) is the use of medical imaging techniques to guide doctors as they diagnose and treat problems with blood vessels and
. IR is also called image-guided therapy.
Interventional radiology tests and treatments are done by interventional radiologists. These doctors are specially trained in anatomy and image guidance.
They treat kids who have disorders of the lymphatic system and vascular (or circulatory) system. These problems can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (starting after birth). Interventional radiologists use small tools and precise imaging to diagnose and treat these and other disorders.
Doctors may send patients to an interventional radiologist for many different reasons. Most children who get IR have a tumor or a vascular
that’s treated with image-guided therapies instead of (or along with) traditional surgery or medical therapy.
IR also is done to help kids who have narrowing of their blood vessels or, more rarely, an
. If a child has a buildup of pus or fluid, IR might be done to safely place drainage tubes. And IR can guide biopsies when an unknown mass is found.
In IR procedures, interventional radiologists use an imaging technique — such as an ultrasound,
— to produce a real-time image. This guides them as they do things like:
Treatments done by interventional radiologists are minimally invasive. Because they use small incisions (cuts), IR procedures often are less painful than regular surgery. Children get the smallest amount of anesthesia or sedation necessary to be safe and comfortable during an IR procedure.
Patients usually have shorter recovery times and very small or no scars. Many times, IR treatment doesn’t require a hospital stay.
Because IR treatments are image-guided, they can be very precise. This helps doctors prevent as much damage as possible to surrounding tissue, organs, and skin.
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.
A lymphatic malformation is a clump of lymph vessels that form a growing, jumbled, spongy cluster. They’re unusual growths, but are not cancerous.
A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven’t grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. Some will require treatment.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. A congenital hemangioma is one that a baby is born with. They’re usually a bluish or purple circle or oval.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. An infantile hemangioma becomes visible in the first few weeks after birth.
Minimally invasive surgery is a type of procedure done without the use of a large incision (cut).
Germ cell tumors happen when reproductive cells in an unborn baby don’t develop as they should.
Doctors order biopsies to examine tissue or cells when they’re concerned about a problem such as an infection, inflammation, or cancer.
CLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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