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Health Information For Parents
Kids transition from babies to toddlers during the second year of life. Shaky first steps give way to confident walking. Your toddler will be on the move, so be sure to childproof your home to prevent household accidents.
Kids this age make major strides in understanding language and figuring out how to communicate. At 12 months, most say their first words and use hand gestures and point to things.
During year two, vocabulary increases slowly over the first 6 months and then expands quickly during the second 6 months. Their vocabulary will grow from one or two words to 50 words or more. By 2 years old, most toddlers are using simple two-word sentences and can follow a two-step command (“pick up your toy and give it to me”).
Understanding language also improves, and toddlers understand much more than they can express. This can be frustrating for your child and may lead to tantrums.
Hand–eye coordination and manual dexterity continues to improve. With better control over fingers and hands, toddlers can explore toys and surroundings more than before. Choose age-appropriate toys and games that let toddlers gain a sense of mastery before moving on to more challenging tasks.
As an infant, your child “played” with toys by shaking, banging, or throwing them. Your toddler now is aware of the function of objects, so is more likely to stack blocks, listen or talk into a toy phone, or push a toy car. The concept of pretend play also starts. Your little one may pretend to drink from an empty cup, use a banana as a phone, or imagine a block is a car.
Many toddlers are in daycare or parents may introduce play dates now. Toddlers enjoy having other kids around, but don’t expect them to “play” cooperatively with each other or to be thrilled about sharing toys. Have plenty of toys for everyone and be prepared to step in when they don’t want to share. Older siblings can be role models when it comes to teaching, sharing, and taking turns.
Tantrums are more common during the toddler years, so expect your child to get frustrated from time to time. If you see a tantrum coming on, try to create a distraction with a book or interesting toy. Avoid letting your child get too tired or hungry, particularly while learning new tasks. This can set the stage for tantrums.
Toddlers seek more independence, but expect your toddler to go from wanting freedom to clinging to you for comfort and reassurance, and back again. Allow the freedom to explore but be there when you’re needed.
If it hasn’t come up yet, your child may cry and cling to you when you try to leave and resist attention from others. This is called separation anxiety. It often starts around 9 months of age, but can be later. It lets up as kids develop the language and social skills needed to cope with strange situations. As they get older, they learn that the separation from you is not permanent.
Once toddlers learn to walk, there’s no turning back. Yours will want to keep moving and build on this newfound skill. Provide lots of chances to be active and to learn and explore in safe surroundings.
Games that your child might enjoy include peekaboo, pat-a-cake, and chasing games. Toddlers love to imitate adults and are fascinated with housework. Provide age-appropriate toys that will encourage this, such as a toy vacuum to use while you’re cleaning or pots, pans, and spoons to play with while you’re cooking.
Other toys that toddlers enjoy include:
Reading continues to be important. Your toddler can follow along with a story and point to objects in the pictures as you name them. Encourage your little one to name things he or she recognizes.
Chat about the books you read together and the things you did that day. Ask questions and encourage your toddler to reply by waiting for a response, then expand on those replies.
Keep in mind that toddlers develop at different rates, and there is a wide range of normal development. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about your toddler’s development.
Your toddler is probably saying a few first words now, but you may not be able to understand them all. Learn about how your child is communicating.
Toddlers have little tummies, so serve foods that are packed with the nutrients they need to grow healthy and strong, and limit the sweets and empty calories.
You’re in for a year of changes! Midway through this year, most babies are walking and starting to lose that “baby” look.
Most toddlers this age are walking and gaining even more control over their hands and fingers. Give your child lots of fun (and safe) things to do to encourage this development.
Nighttime feedings may be a thing of the past, but in this second year of life your tot might be rising for other reasons. Learn more.
It might look like just child’s play, but toddlers are hard at work learning important physical skills as they gain muscle control, balance, and coordination.
Toddlers are learning to talk, to walk and run, and to assert their independence. For many in this age group, “outside” and “play” are common requests.
Reading to toddlers lays the foundation for their independent reading later on. Here are some tips.
You might think of babies and toddlers when you hear the words “babyproofing” or “childproofing,” but unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in kids 14 and under.
Teary and tantrum-filled goodbyes are common with separation anxiety, which is a perfectly normal part of childhood development.
Learn how to encourage good behavior, handle tantrums, and keep your cool when parenting your toddler.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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