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Health Information For Parents
Poland syndrome is a condition where a child is born with missing or underdeveloped chest muscles. The shoulder, arm, and hand also can be involved. Usually only one side of the body is affected.
The cause of Poland syndrome is unknown. It may be from a blockage of blood flow to the chest, shoulder, arm, and hand muscles while a baby is developing in the womb.
Most of the time, Poland syndrome happens sporadically. This means it’s not inherited from a parent. It is more common in males than females.
Sometimes, Poland syndrome is barely noticeable. In other cases, it can be quite severe. The condition can be apparent at birth or not noticed until puberty.
Signs of Poland syndrome include:
Health care providers diagnose Poland syndrome based on a physical exam. If needed, they might also order tests such as:
Treatment for Poland syndrome usually is based on how severe it is. It may include:
Mild Poland syndrome usually does not need treatment. But when the condition is very noticeable or causes other problems, treatment may help and can improve a child’s physical and emotional well-being.
Pectus carinatum, sometimes called pigeon chest, is a deformity of the chest wall in which the chest juts out.
Pectus excavatum is a deformity of the chest wall that causes several ribs and the breastbone to grow abnormally, giving the chest a “caved-in” appearance.
Health care providers sometimes suggest that kids use a vacuum bell to help correct pectus excavatum, a condition that causes a caved-in chest.
A chest CAT scan is a painless test that uses a special X-ray machine to take black-and-white pictures of a patient’s lungs, heart, blood vessels, airway passages, ribs and lymph nodes.
A chest X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to take a picture of a person’s chest, including the heart, lungs, diaphragm, lymph nodes, upper spine, ribs, collarbone, and breastbone.
Without bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn’t stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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