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Health Information For Parents
Cancer is when cells in part of the body grow out of control. They crowd out normal, healthy cells, so the body can’t work as it should.
Cancer that affects a testicle is called testicular (tes-TIK-yuh-lur) cancer. It’s uncommon in boys. Most cases are in young and middle-aged men.
Testicular cancer responds well to treatment, especially when it’s found early.
The testicles are part of the male reproductive system. They:
, needed for changes during puberty
Testicular cancer usually affects men 20‒34 years old. But in can happen in boys and teens during puberty.
Things that can make a boy more likely to get testicular cancer include having:
Testicular cancer can:
Symptoms of testicular cancer include:
Doctors don’t know what causes all testicular cancers, but they think:
Testicular cancer is usually diagnosed after a lump is found in the testicle. To find out what is causing the lump, a urologist (doctor specializes in treating genital problems) will:
The urologist also might order other tests to see if the cancer has spread. These tests may include:
Boys with testicular cancer have a care team to help them get the best treatment. The care team usually includes:
Depending on the type of cancer and whether it has spread, doctors may treat testicular cancer with:
Most boys who had one testicle removed and still have one healthy testicle can father children later in life. Sometimes doctors recommend sperm banking before cancer treatment begins. Sperm banking freezes and stores sperm for future use.
For younger teens and boys, an experimental procedure called sperm aspiration might be possible. This process removes immature sperm cells for future use.
Talk to your son’s doctor about these options and any other concerns.
Depending on the type of tumor and its treatment, boys will need follow-up visits that might include:
Sometimes, survivors of testicular cancer can get a second cancer. This usually is another testicular tumor, but also can be other types such as rectal, bladder, kidney, or thyroid cancer. Regular follow-up visits will help find these tumors early so treatment can start right away.
Teens who had a total inguinal orchiectomy can get a prosthetic, or artificial, testicle a few months after surgery. This can help make some boys feel more comfortable about their appearance.
To help your son after cancer treatment:
A cancer diagnosis and treatment can be stressful for any family. The care team is there to support your son and the whole family. Be sure to reach out to them with any questions or concerns. You and your son also can find more information and support online at:
If you’re a guy, you may be wondering why the doctor needs to do a testicular exam. Find out in this article.
The testicular self-examination (TSE) is an easy way for guys to check their own testicles to make sure there aren’t any unusual lumps or bumps – which are usually the first sign of testicular cancer.
A hydrocele is a pouch of fluid around the testicle inside the scrotum. Hydroceles are common in newborns, especially preemies.
A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum. Although there is no way to prevent a varicocele, it usually needs no special treatment.
Find out what the experts have to say.
When chemotherapy and other treatments attack cancer cells, they can affect some of the body’s healthy cells too. As a teen, you’ll want to know what this can mean to your fertility.
Get the basics on cancer and cancer treatments in this article.
Different kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.
It’s unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.
Many families with a child in remission feel empowered to make lifestyle changes that could benefit their child’s health in the future. Here are some tips.
While some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.
Eating as well as possible and staying hydrated can help kids undergoing cancer treatment keep up their strength and deal with side effects. These tips can help.
Chemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.
Chemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells. Find out how chemo works and what to expect when getting treatment.
Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.
More than half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy. Get the facts on radiation therapy, including what it is, what to expect, and how to cope with side effects.
Shortly before birth, a boy’s testicles usually descend into the scrotum. When a testicle doesn’t make the move, this is called cryptorchidism, or undescended testicles.
Doctors order a scrotal ultrasound when they’re concerned about symptoms such as scrotal pain or swelling.
Cancer is a serious illness that needs special treatment. Find out more about how kids can cope with cancer.
When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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