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Health Information For Teens
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a
that attacks the immune system. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) happens after someone has had HIV for many years. In AIDS, the immune system is severely weakened. People with AIDS get serious infections and health problems.
HIV spreads when infected blood, semen (“cum”) or vaginal fluids enter the body. Because symptoms can be mild at first, people with HIV might not know they’re infected. They can spread HIV to others without knowing it.
HIV can spread:
HIV also can pass from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
HIV does not spread through:
The best way to protect yourself from HIV is to not have sex (vaginal, oral, or anal) and not share needles.
If you decide to have sex, reduce your risk of getting HIV by:
Understanding how HIV spreads can help you make safer choices about sex. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about HIV and if you want to get tested.
There is no cure for AIDS, which is why prevention is so important. Get the facts on HIV/AIDS, as well as how it affects the body and is treated, in this article.
Often the only way to know if someone is infected with HIV is through testing. Here are the facts on what’s involved in getting tested â and who should get tested for HIV and why.
Find out what the experts have to say.
You know you should talk about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) before the action starts. But what if the thought of having “the talk” makes you nervous? These tips can help.
People who have STDs might feel apprehensive about discussing their disease with a partner. Here are some tips on talking to a partner when you have an STD.
Some people – even those who are having sex – are embarrassed by the topic of condoms. Here are some tips for talking about condoms with your partner.
You’ve probably heard lots of discouraging news about sexually transmitted diseases. The good news is that STDs can be prevented. Find out how to protect yourself.
Before you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article to get the basics on birth control.
People who have HIV might feel alone and frightened at times. More than anyone, they need good friends like you to lean on and trust.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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