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Health Information For Teens
When blood gets into a person’s urine (pee), doctors call it hematuria (hee-ma-TUR-ee-uh). Hematuria is pretty common, and most of the time it’s not serious.
Peeing is one way our bodies get rid of waste products. The process starts in the kidneys, which remove excess fluids and waste from the blood and turn them into urine. The urine then flows through tubes called ureters into the bladder, where it’s stored until we pee it out. If blood cells leak into the urine at any part of the process, it causes hematuria.
There are two kinds of hematuria:
Blood leaks into the urinary tract. This can happen anywhere in the urinary tract such as:
Teens can get hematuria for many reasons. The more common causes are:
Sometimes what looks like hematuria might be something else. Things like food dye, some foods (like beets or blackberries), the blood from your period and some prescription medicines can make pee look red.
If you ever see blood in your urine, don’t panic. Chances are, it’s no big deal. But you’ll want to be sure, so tell your mom or dad and see a doctor. If you need treatment, it’s good to get started right away.
The doctor will do an exam and ask about symptoms, recent activities, and your
. You’ll give a urine sample (pee in a cup) for testing.
If the urine test comes back negative, the doctor will probably want another urine sample 1-2 weeks later to make sure the urine is free of red blood cells. If hematuria only happens once, treatment usually isn’t needed.
If urine samples point to something more serious or you’ve had a recent injury, you might need other tests, such as:
Most teens who have hematuria won’t need any kind of treatment for it. Hematuria that is due to a UTI will be treated with antibiotics.
If you’ve been treated for hematuria, your doctor will probably want you to get follow-up tests to make sure your urine is free of red blood cells.
When hematuria is a sign of something more serious — like kidney stones or a specific kidney disease — doctors will treat that condition.
This video shows what it’s like to get a urine test.
The kidneys perform several functions that are essential to health, the most important of which are to filter blood and produce urine.
Kidney stones mostly happen to adults, but sometimes teens can get them. Find out what kidney stones are, how to treat them, and ways to help prevent them.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common reasons that teens visit a doctor. Learn about the symptoms of UTIs, how they’re treated, and more in this article.
With glomerulonephritis, tiny filtering units in the kidneys stop working properly, causing problems like too much fluid in the body and swelling. Most of the time it can be treated. Find out more.
Bedwetting can be embarrassing and upsetting for teens, but there are effective ways to correct the problem and scientists are constantly developing new treatments.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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