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Health Information For Teens
When the kidneys don’t work properly, doctors call it kidney failure. Dialysis (pronounced: dye-AL-uh-sis) is a medical treatment that can take over the job of filtering blood when the kidneys can’t do it properly.
Our kidneys work a lot like a garbage collection and disposal system. They remove extra fluids and waste products from the blood. This waste then leaves the body as urine (pee).
If the kidneys stop working properly, waste products can build up in the blood. This leads to medical problems that can quickly become life-threatening.
Dialysis (also sometimes called kidney dialysis) is a treatment for kidney failure — meaning it steps in to do the job of the kidneys and keep the body in balance. But it’s not a cure. Dialysis alone won’t heal a person’s failing kidneys.
Sometimes kidney disease will get better and the person won’t need dialysis anymore. Other people don’t need dialysis because they get a kidney transplant. A few people aren’t good candidates for a kidney transplant. They may get dialysis treatments for the rest of their lives.
There are two kinds of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. If you need dialysis, you’ll talk about the pros and cons of each option with your medical team and family. Together, you’ll decide which kind is best for you. Sometimes people can switch from one kind of dialysis to the other if they want to.
The dialysis machine pulls blood from a person’s body through a tube and filters it. After the blood has been cleaned, the dialysis machine pumps it back to the person’s body through a second tube.
Hemodialysis is usually done in a special clinic called a dialysis center.
The needles used in hemodialysis can be uncomfortable for some people. Other than that, dialysis treatments are painless.
Dialysis does have some risks, though. For example:
If you’re getting dialysis, you need to stay as healthy as possible to get the most out of your treatments and avoid the problems mentioned above.
Here are a few tips:
Except for special diets and the time needed for treatments, people getting dialysis usually live normal lives. Most of the time, they can go to school, take part in most sports and activities, go to prom, or just go out with friends as they usually would. Dialysis can be inconvenient, but it doesn’t have to slow you down.
With glomerulonephritis, tiny filtering units in the kidneys stop working properly, causing problems like too much fluid in the body and swelling. Most of the time it can be treated. Find out more.
Sometimes, the kidneys can’t do their job properly. In teens, kidney disease is usually due to infections, structural issues, glomerulonephritis, or nephrotic syndrome.
This medical treatment helps people with kidney failure. It can be done at home, often overnight, to take over the kidneys’ job of filtering blood. Find out more in this article for teens.
Hemodialysis is the type of kidney dialysis that doctors use most to take over the kidneys’ job of filtering the blood. Find out more in this article for teens.
The kidneys perform several functions that are essential to health, the most important of which are to filter blood and produce urine.
If the kidneys stop working, a person will need either dialysis or a transplant. Get the facts on kidney transplant in this article for teens.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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