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Health Information For Teens
A girl’s periods can cause some uncomfortable symptoms. Most of the time, there’s no reason for concern. But some problems need care from your doctor.
Here’s how to cope with most period problems.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is when a girl has mood and body changes before or during her period. It’s usually at its worst during the 4 days before a period. PMS usually goes away 2 to 3 days after the period begins.
A girl with PMS might have:
You can try these things if you have PMS symptoms:
If your PMS is severe, your doctor can help with treatments, including medicine. Call the doctor if you:
Period cramps are pain in the lower belly during a girl’s period. Many girls have cramps during the first few days of their periods. Period cramps are caused by prostaglandin, a chemical in the body that makes the muscle in the uterus contract.
If cramps bother you, try:
Call your doctor if:
Irregular periods are when a girl or woman does not get a period about every 4–5 weeks. In the first 2 years after a girl starts getting her period, it is normal for the cycles to be irregular. But by about 2 years after periods start, they should be on a regular cycle.
Track your periods so you know if they are regular. Record when your period comes, how long it lasts, and any problems you have during it. You can use a calendar or an app, or write it down in a notebook.
Call the doctor if you:
Most girls settle into a regular period schedule and can manage any bothersome symptoms with home treatment. But talk to the doctor if you think there could be a problem with your periods.
Periods can be confusing. Get the facts in this article for teens.
Wondering whether it’s normal to have irregular periods? Get the facts about this common problem.
When it comes to pads and tampons, there are lots of choices. It may take some experimenting before you find what works best for you. Here are some tips.
Girls should get their first gynecological checkup between ages 13 and 15. Find out what happens during a yearly gyn visit — and why most girls don’t get internal exams.
Find out what the experts have to say.
A pelvic exam is where a doctor or nurse practitioner looks at a girl’s reproductive organs (both outside and internally) and feels the uterus and ovaries to be sure everything’s normal. Find out what’s involved in this article for teens.
Normal vaginal discharge has several purposes: cleaning and moistening the vagina and helping to prevent infections. But sometimes discharge indicates there’s a problem. Get the facts on what’s normal and what’s not.
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of certain hormones, which can interfere with egg development and release. Learn how doctors diagnose and treat PCOS.
Female athlete triad is a combination of three conditions: disordered eating, amenorrhea (loss of a girl’s period), and osteoporosis (a weakening of the bones).
If periods aren’t regular it’s usually because a girl’s body is still developing. But sometimes, changes in blood flow can be a sign of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).
Read this article to learn all about endometriosis and how doctors help girls who have it.
Why do girls get periods? What goes on when a woman gets pregnant? What can go wrong with the female reproductive system? Find the answers to these questions and more in this article for teens.
Wondering what you can do to feel as clean as possible “down there”? Read this article for the facts on douches, wipes, and other feminine hygiene products.
Breast soreness is common among teens, but it can still seem worrying when it happens to you. Fortunately, breast pain is rarely serious. Find out why your breasts may hurt and what you can do about it.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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