Conditions & Treatments Anorectal Malformations Anorectal malformations are birth defects where the anus and rectum (the lower end of the digestive tract) do not develop properly. Anorectal malformations can be complex issues. Connecticut Children’s surgeons evaluate, diagnose and treat infants affected with these kinds of birth defects. Using state-of-the-art methods including open procedures and minimally invasive surgery our surgical specialists have the extensive training and expertise to handle such complex conditions. Chest Wall Deformities Pectus excavatum, a depression of the sternum and lower costal cartilages, is the most common anterior chest wall congenital abnormality. It is often noticed at birth or before a child’s first birthday. Over time, children may notice limitations with normal physical activity or they may become self-conscious and limit themselves due to poor body image. Connecticut Children’s surgeons use the Nuss procedure, a minimally invasive surgical technique to correct pectus excavatum. In our Center for Chest Wall Deformities, we also treat pediatric patients of all ages affected by pectus carinatum (pushing outward of the sternum), Poland syndrome, and many other thoracic wall deformities. Weight Loss Surgery Childhood obesity is a complex condition that dramatically increases a child’s risk for serious health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and other conditions. More than nine million children between the ages of 16 and 19 are overweight, and one out of every three children is overweight or obese. When other methods for weight loss are exhausted, bariatric surgery is a surgical intervention that can enable teens to reach a healthier weight. Connecticut Children’s multidisciplinary team of surgeons, endocrinologists, psychologists and nutritionists will work with you and your child to develop a personalized lifestyle plan for before and after surgery. Emergency Medicine Connecticut Children’s Medical Center is designated as a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center and evaluates and treats more than 56,000 children each year. It is one of only two free-standing children’s hospitals in New England able to provide the highest level of emergency care to children suffering from traumatic injuries. Our Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center has trauma surgeons available 24/7, including those trained in specialties such as neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery, along with highly sophisticated medical diagnostic equipment.