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Health Information For Parents
A congenital hemangioma (hee-man-jee-OH-muh) is a type of birthmark that happens when a tangled group of blood vessels grow in or under a baby’s skin. Congenital means present at birth, so babies who have these hemangiomas are born with them.
Congenital hemangiomas are less common and act differently from other kinds of hemangiomas seen in newborns.
Most congenital hemangiomas are a circle or oval, but they can take any shape. They can be as large as 10 cm, and may range in color from pink to blue to very dark purple. They might look swollen and feel warm to the touch.
There are two types of congenital hemangiomas:
A congenital hemangioma that has both types mixed together is called a partially involuting congenital hemangioma (PICH).
A congenital hemangioma will grow as a baby grows, but not at a faster rate than the baby does. This means that the hemangioma will stay roughly the same size relative to the baby’s body. This is called proportional growth. A RICH may have some proportional growth before it starts shrinking, but a NICH will continue proportional growth until the child is fully grown.
The cause of congenital hemangiomas is unknown. Hemangiomas may run in families, but no genetic cause has been found.
Congenital hemangiomas are fairly rare. No risk factors have been found.
Congenital hemangiomas are often seen before birth on ultrasound images. An MRI may also provide helpful information about the hemangioma’s size, blood flow, and connection to other body parts or blood vessels.
To see whether a congenital hemangioma is a RICH or NICH and to help decide how best to treat it, doctors may do a biopsy to examine cells under a microscope.
A RICH usually won’t need treatment because most shrink on their own. The skin usually looks better if a hemangioma shrinks naturally rather than being treated.
Treatment might be done for either kind of congenital hemangioma (RICH or NICH) if it:
Multiple treatments might be used:
After a congenital hemangioma shrinks or is surgically removed, it’s unlikely to come back. It may leave a flap of stretched skin that can be surgically removed.
A baby born with a congenital hemangioma does not have any higher risk for other health problems than other newborns.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. Some will require treatment.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. An infantile hemangioma becomes visible in the first few weeks after birth.
When Anna was born, she developed red spots that her parents learned were hemangiomas, benign birthmarks that she eventually outgrew. Her mother tells her story.
This is a big word for a type of birthmark.
Birthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they’re associated with certain health problems.
Birthmarks, also known as hemangiomas, get their name for one reason: They are marks on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! Find out more about birthmarks in this article for kids.
When you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here’s what to expect.
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.
CLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.
Neurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases.
For most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal â they’re just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.
A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven’t grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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