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Health Information For Parents
Whether you’ve decided to formula feed your baby from the start, are supplementing your breast milk with formula, or are switching from breast milk to formula, you’re bound to have questions. Here are answers to some common queries about formula feeding.
Before the first use, you’ll need to sterilize nipples and bottles in a rolling boil for 5 minutes. You can also sterilize them with a store-bought countertop or microwaveable sterilizer, but boiling works just as well and costs nothing.
After that, it’s not necessary to sterilize your baby’s bottles and supplies each time you feed your baby. You will need to wash bottles and nipples in hot, soapy water (or run them through the dishwasher) after every use. They can transmit bacteria if not cleaned properly.
Prepare your baby’s formula by mixing water and the appropriate amount of powdered infant formula. The packaging on the side of the formula container will tell you how much to use. Carefully follow the directions. You can use tepid (room temperature) tap water, as long as your local or state health departments have labeled it as safe to drink.
If you’re concerned about your water, you may sterilize it to kill germs. Here’s how:
Test to see if the water is cool enough for your baby to drink by shaking a few drops of water on the inside of your wrist. If it stings, it’s still too hot. Once water has cooled, don’t let it sit longer than 30 minutes before adding it to the formula.
Once prepared, the formula is ready to feed to your baby immediately without additional refrigeration or warming. Formula that’s been prepared should be consumed or stored in the refrigerator within 1 hour. If it has been at room temperature for more than 1 hour, throw it away. And if your baby doesn’t drink all the formula in the bottle, throw away the unused portion — do not save it for later.
Formula may be prepared ahead of time (for up to 24 hours) if you store it in the refrigerator to prevent the formation of bacteria. Open containers of ready-made formula, concentrated formula, and formula prepared from concentrate also can be stored safely in the refrigerator for up to 48 hours.
Some babies may actually prefer cold or room-temperature bottles to warm, especially if you start serving them that way from the get-go (which can make things easier for you in the long run).
But if your baby does prefer a warm bottle, remember that the microwave can create dangerous “hot spots” in bottles, so you should never microwave formula.
Instead, you can:
Whichever way you choose to heat your baby’s bottles, be sure to shake the bottle vigorously. Then test the temperature of the formula by squirting a drop or two on the inside or your wrist before feeding your baby. It should be lukewarm (barely warm) not hot.
Some parents opt to make a bottle just before each feeding, but many others choose to pre-make and refrigerate enough to use for the day. If you know your baby eats every 3-4 hours, for instance, you can make six to eight bottles to last you all day.
If your baby is staying with a caregiver for a long period of time, you may want to prepare just one or two bottles and leave instructions and supplies (bottles, nipples, formula, and water, if necessary) so the caregiver can prepare bottles as needed and not waste any formula. After all, you’ll need to throw away any mixed formula that is not used after 24 hours.
You should always refrigerate any bottles you fill for later feedings to prevent bacteria from growing, as well as any open containers of ready-to-feed or concentrate formula. Throw away any mixed formula after 24 hours and any open ready-to-feed or concentrate formula after 48 hours.
Discard any prepared or ready-to-feed formula that’s been sitting out after 1 hour.
No, throw away any leftover formula. There’s a chance bacteria may have formed since the last feeding, which could make your baby sick.
Advice and information for expectant and new parents.
Here’s a quick guide to an important part of feeding a baby – burping.
These guidelines on breastfeeding and bottle feeding can help you know what’s right for you and your baby.
Whether you’ve chosen to breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby, your infant will let you know when it’s time to eat.
Is your baby is ready for solid foods? Learn how and when to get started.
At this age, babies start to explore table foods.
Here are answers to some common supplemental feeding questions – from when to introduce solids to offering breastfed babies formula.
Shopping for formula-feeding supplies can be daunting. Here are answers to some common questions about formula feeding.
Get answers to some common formula-feeding inquiries, from how much newborns eat to what their diapers might look like.
Read about how to manage common formula-feeding concerns, from spitting up and fussiness to gas and milk allergies.
Making a decision to breastfeed or formula feed your baby is a personal one. There are some points to consider to help you decide which option is best for you and your baby.
With a little preparation and practice, you can bottle-feed your baby. Learn how in this step-by-step video.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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