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Health Information For Parents
An infantile hemangioma (hee-man-jee-OH-muh) is a type of birthmark that happens when a tangled group of blood vessels grows in or under a baby’s skin.
Infantile hemangiomas become visible in the first few days to weeks after a baby is born. Hemangiomas that are visible at birth are called congenital hemangiomas. They grow differently and are treated differently. Infantile hemangiomas are much more common than congenital hemangiomas.
The two main types of infantile hemangiomas are:
Hemangiomas also may develop in organs inside the body, such as the kidneys, lungs, liver, or brain, where they can’t be seen.
Most infantile hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. They usually grow the fastest within the first 3 months. Shrinking may start in the later part of the first year and continue until a child is age 7 or older. Infantile hemangiomas often shrink (or involute) to the point that they’re no longer noticeable.
Because hemangiomas grow and change, they’re called tumors, but they’re not a kind of cancer. Hemangiomas do not spread to other places in the body or to other people.
A child can have more than one hemangioma.
A hemangioma may cause problems by:
Also, a large hemangioma on the face can be associated with vascular anomalies in the brain.
Infantile hemangiomas often grow on the head or neck, where they can’t easily be concealed by clothing. Sometimes, the appearance of a hemangioma can make a child the target of teasing or bullying.
The cause of infantile hemangiomas is unknown.
Hemangiomas are more common in babies born prematurely (before their due date), at a low birth weight, or as part of a multiple birth (twins, triplets, etc.).
Hemangiomas may run in families, but no genetic cause has been found.
An infantile hemangioma of the skin is usually recognized by how it looks and when it appears. Tests such as MRI or ultrasound scans can be done to see how far the hemangioma goes under the skin and whether it affects any internal organs.
Most infantile hemangiomas are not treated because they usually go away on their own. The skin usually looks better if a hemangioma shrinks naturally rather than being treated.
When a hemangioma is causing a serious problem — such as bleeding or interfering with vision — treatment may be the best option.
These treatments might be used alone or in combination:
If treatment is needed, your child’s doctors will discuss the options available and which is most likely to work well with minimum scarring or other side effects.
When an infantile hemangioma goes away on its own, it may leave behind a flap of stretched skin. Depending on the look and location of the loose skin, it might be removed with surgery.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. Most hemangiomas grow larger for several months, then shrink slowly. Some will require treatment.
A hemangioma is a growth of tangled blood vessels. A congenital hemangioma is one that a baby is born with. They’re usually a bluish or purple circle or oval.
When Anna was born, she developed red spots that her parents learned were hemangiomas, benign birthmarks that she eventually outgrew. Her mother tells her story.
This is a big word for a type of birthmark.
Birthmarks that babies are born with, or develop soon after birth, are mostly harmless and many even go away on their own, but sometimes they’re associated with certain health problems.
When you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here’s what to expect.
Birthmarks, also known as hemangiomas, get their name for one reason: They are marks on the skin of a lot of newborn babies! Find out more about birthmarks in this article for kids.
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Large AVMs or multiple AVMs usually needs medical treatment.
CLOVES syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that causes vascular, skin, spinal, and bone or joint abnormalities.
Neurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases.
For most kids, these birthmarks are no big deal â they’re just part of who they are. Read about port-wine stains, how to care for them, and, if necessary, what treatments are available.
A venous malformation (VM) is a place in the body where veins haven’t grown the right way. VMs can be difficult to treat.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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