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Health Information For Parents
If your child has asthma, you probably understand triggers — those things that make your child’s asthma symptoms worse, like cold weather, pet dander, or being around smoke. But poor air quality can also trigger flare-ups, so it’s important to know how to take precautions.
Pollutants in the air have the same effect on kids with asthma as other triggers. They irritate the airways, making them swell and tighten up, and cause breathing problems.
Pollutants can also make kids more likely to catch upper respiratory infections (like colds), which can bring on asthma symptoms. If allergens in the air are an asthma trigger, pollutants can make the lungs even more sensitive to them.
You’ve probably heard about the ozone layer and how it protects us from the sun’s rays. But there’s a different layer of ozone that’s closer to the ground called ground-level ozone.
Ground-level ozone can harm the lungs. It forms when chemicals from cars, power plants, and factories mix with sunlight. This “ozone pollution” is a main part of smog — the brownish-yellow haze often seen hanging over cities on the horizon. It’s worse on warmer days or in warm parts of the country. Nearly 3.6 million kids with asthma live in towns or cities with very high levels of ground-level ozone.
Particle pollution also can cause breathing problems. It’s created when tiny bits of dust, dirt, smoke, soot, and other stuff hang in the air. The smaller the particles, the deeper they can get into the lungs and cause breathing problems.
If you live in an area with poor air quality, pay attention to pollution levels. You can get daily information from weather reports (online or in the newspaper) or by visiting the Environmental Protection Agency at www.airnow.gov.
The EPA’s Air Quality Index (AQI) report measures the levels of:
The AQI varies from season to season, from day to day, and even from morning to evening. In cities with more than 350,000 people, state and local agencies are required to report the index to the public daily. But many smaller communities also report the AQI.
On days when air quality is poor, run the air conditioning and limit your child’s time outside. Plan any outdoor activities for early in the day — when air quality tends to be better — and avoid spending time in areas with a lot of traffic.
If your child is in a sport that practices outside during hot weather, talk to the coach about other arrangements, such as working out in an air-conditioned gym. Also, make sure your child always has quick-relief medicine on hand.
Improving the air quality in your home is also wise. You can do this by using an air cleaner, venting all gas appliances to the outside, and avoiding wood fires in your house.
Talk to your doctor about increasing medicine during times when air pollution is high. This can be included as part of your child’s asthma action plan.
You can’t single-handedly solve air pollution, but you can take these important steps to help improve it when the air quality is poor:
Visit our Asthma Center for information and advice on managing and living with asthma.
Asthma means breathing problems. Find out what’s going on in the lungs and how to stay healthy, if you have it.
The weather can affect your asthma symptoms. If you think weather may be triggering your asthma, here are some tips for dealing with it.
Find out what can make your asthma worse, and what to do about it.
Poor air quality can make asthma worse. Here’s what to do about it if you have asthma.
Being a smoker is an obvious risk for kids and teens with asthma, but just being around people who smoke – and breathing in secondhand smoke – can cause problems, too.
Weather can affect a person’s asthma. Find out how in this article for kids.
Dirty air can be bad news for someone with asthma. Find out more in this article for kids.
Kids and teens who have asthma can and do play sports. But some activities are better than others – find out more.
Sometimes, the weather can affect a child’s asthma symptoms. Here are some tips for dealing with it.
Asthma keeps more kids home from school than any other chronic illness. Learn how to help your child manage the condition, stay healthy, and stay in school.
Asthma control can take a little time and energy to master, but it’s worth the effort. Learn more about ways to manage your child’s asthma.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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