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Health Information For Parents
Polio is an infection caused by a virus that can lead to permanent paralysis.
Children usually get the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6–18 months, and 4–6 years.
Sometimes IPV is given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this case, a child might receive a fifth dose of IPV. This is safe.
The oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is still used in many parts of the world, but hasn’t been used in the United States since 2000. Using IPV eliminates the small risk of developing polio after receiving the live oral polio vaccine.
OPV doses given before April 2016 can count toward a child’s U.S. polio vaccination requirements. Doses given after that will not count.
The vaccine offers protection against polio, which can cause paralysis and death.
Side effects include fever and redness or soreness at the injection site. There is a very small chance of an allergic reaction with any vaccine.
The vaccine is not recommended if your child:
IPV may cause mild fever, and soreness and redness where the shot was given for several days. Check with your doctor to see if you can give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain or fever and to find out the right dose.
Call the doctor if:
Polio is a contagious disease that can be prevented with vaccination.
Immunizations protect kids from many dangerous diseases. Find out what vaccines your child needs to grow up healthy.
Which vaccines does your child need and when? Use this immunization schedule as a handy reference.
Find out what the experts have to say.
If you’re old enough to read this, you’ve probably had most of your shots. But even bigger kids may need a shot once in a while. Find out more about them in this article for kids.
Missing out on shots puts you at more serious risk than you might think. That one little “ouch” moment protects you from some major health problems.
If you’re afraid of shots, you’re not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips.
Vaccines help keep kids healthy, but many parents still have questions about them. Get answers here.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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