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Health Information For Teens
Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical problems that put some teens at risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes as adults. These problems are:
The chances of developing these problems go up if someone is overweight.
Being overweight is the main reason that people get metabolic syndrome. Being overweight or obese causes insulin resistance. Normally, insulin helps glucose enter the body’s cells. Insulin resistance happens when the body doesn’t respond properly to insulin, making it harder for glucose to enter the cells. Insulin resistance and inflammation add to the problems linked to metabolic syndrome.
Teens with metabolic syndrome may have:
Other medical problems associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity include:
Some normal weight teens can have high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. But most teens with metabolic syndrome are overweight. As obesity gets worse, metabolic syndrome becomes more likely.
Obesity and the problems associated with metabolic syndrome tend to run in families. Other things that put someone at risk for metabolic syndrome include:
Finding out that you have metabolic syndrome can help you take steps to prevent diseases down the road.
Doctors might suspect metabolic syndrome if an overweight or obese teen has acanthosis nigricans or a family history of diabetes or heart disease. They may do:
Because metabolic syndrome and obesity tend to go hand-in-hand, doctors might order more tests to look for other weight-related problems, like fatty liver, PCOS, and apnea.
The good news is that you can do many things to help keep yourself from getting the health problems that metabolic syndrome can lead to.
Making lifestyle changes is the best way to get yourself on a track to good health. Here are the top ones:
works in your body, and help your blood pressure and blood lipid levels.
When lifestyle changes aren’t enough, teens may need treatment for the medical problems, like hypertension. Doctors might recommend weight loss surgery for some teens with metabolic syndrome and severe obesity who do not respond to lifestyle changes.
It can be hard to make changes now when your thirties and forties seem like a world away. But think about what you want your life to look like then. Maybe you see a family, friends, a home, a career, and good times. But the daily effects of living with diabetes or heart disease can put those dreams out of reach. So do what you can now to keep those problems from happening later.
Teens with type 2 diabetes have to pay close attention to what they eat and do.
We use the words “oveweight” and “obese” a lot, but they actually have medical meanings. Find out how doctors diagnose these conditions and what they mean for a person’s health.
A couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.
Most dieters regain the weight they lost by dieting when they go back to their old eating habits. Get our tips on the best ways to drop excess weight.
Lots of people are unhappy with their present weight, but aren’t sure how to change it – or even if they need to. Get the facts on weight loss here.
Weight loss surgery works. But it’s serious stuff,Â both physically and emotionally. Find out about two weight loss surgery options for teens.
Acanthosis nigricans is a darkening and thickening of the skin that can be a sign of other medical conditions. Find out more.
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of certain hormones, which can interfere with egg development and release. Learn how doctors diagnose and treat PCOS.
Doctors may do weight loss surgery if someone who is very overweight has tried but failed to lose weight and faces serious medical problems. Find out what makes teens eligible for bariatric surgery.
Brandon, 17, has lost 70 pounds through better eating and exercise. In this video he talks about what inspired him and how he stayed on track.
Cholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. The body needs some cholesterol, but too much can be a problem. Discover more about cholesterol in this article for teens.
Lots of us don’t realize we’re eating too much because we’ve become so used to large portions. This article for teens helps you take control of your plate.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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