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Health Information For Teens
Osteomyelitis (pronounced: os-tee-oh-my-uh-LY-tus) is the medical term for
in a bone. It’s usually caused by a bacterial infection. It often affects the long bones of the arms and legs, but can happen in any bone.
Teens with osteomyelitis often feel pain in the infected bone. They also might:
Teens tend to get osteomyelitis after an accident or injury. The injured area may begin to hurt again after seeming to get better.
Bacteria can infect bones in a few ways. For instance:
enter a wound and travel to the bone (like after an injury or surgery). Open fractures — breaks in the bone with the skin also open — are the injuries that most often develop osteomyelitis.
No, bones infections aren’t contagious. But the germs that cause osteomyelitis can sometimes pass from one person to another.
If you have a fever and bone pain, visit the doctor right away. Osteomyelitis can get worse within hours or days and become much harder to treat.
The doctor will do a physical exam and ask questions about recent injuries to the painful area. Blood tests can check for an increased white blood cell count (a sign of infection) and other signs of possible inflammation or infection. An X-ray may be ordered although X-rays don’t always show signs of infection in a bone in the early stages.
The doctor might suggest a
to get a more detailed look at the bone. The doctor might also recommend an MRI, which gives much more detailed images than X-rays. MRIs not only can diagnose osteomyelitis, but can help establish how long the bone has been infected.
The doctor may do a
to get a sample from the bone. This lets the doctor find out which bacteria caused the infection. It also can help the doctor decide which antibiotic would best treat the infection.
Treating osteomyelitis depends on:
(has been going on for a longer time)
Treatment includes antibiotics for the infection and medicine for pain relief. Most people with osteomyelitis spend a couple of days in the hospital to get IV (given in a vein) antibiotics to fight the infection. They can go home when they feel better, but might need to continue IV or oral antibiotics for several more weeks.
Sometimes surgery is needed to clean out an infected bone. If a cavity or hole developed in the bone and is filled with pus (a collection of bacteria and white blood cells), a doctor will do a debridement. In this procedure, the doctor cleans the wound, removes dead tissue, and drains pus out of the bone so that it can heal.
Most people with osteomyelitis feel better within a few days of starting treatment. IV antibiotics often are switched to oral form in 5 to 10 days. People usually get antibiotics for at least a month, and sometimes longer depending on symptoms and blood test results.
One way to prevent osteomyelitis is to keep skin clean. All cuts and wounds — especially deep wounds — should be cleaned well. Wash a wound with soap and water, holding it under running water for at least 5 minutes to flush it out.
To keep the wound clean afterward, cover it with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. You can apply an over-the-counter antibiotic cream, but the most important thing is to keep the area clean. Wounds should begin healing within 24 hours and completely heal within a week.
A wound that takes longer to heal or causes extreme pain should be checked by a doctor.
And, as with many infections, wash your hands well and often to stop the spread of germs. Also be sure that your vaccinations are up to date.
People can get abscesses on the skin, under the skin, in a tooth, or even inside the body. Most abscesses are caused by infection, so it can help to know what to do. Find out in this article for teens.
Most small cuts, scrapes, or abrasions heal on their own. Here are tips for teens on how to treat cuts at home – and when to get medical help.
How well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it â as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.
Cellulitis is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue just below the skin’s surface. It can affect any part of the body, but it’s most common on exposed areas, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.
Our bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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