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AB, Harvard University, 1981
MD, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1986
Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1986-1989
Pediatric Endocrinology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1989-1992
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Adjunct Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine/Kennedy Krieger Institute
Dr. Germain-Lee has a distinguished history of caring for children and adults from around the world with all types of bone disorders, most notably Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), a condition including two subtypes termed pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism.
Over the past two decades, she has built extensive clinical and research programs focused on AHO and currently follows the largest population of these patients worldwide. Her clinical and research interests also include other rare disorders leading to bone and/or endocrine abnormalities such as osteogenesis imperfecta, skeletal dysplasias, and Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Her goal is to develop new treatments to improve the overall health and quality of life for patients with these disorders and to translate scientific investigations in her laboratory into therapeutic applications.
Outside of Connecticut Children’s Medical Center and UConn Health, Dr. Germain-Lee serves as Vice President of the Human Growth Foundation to help children with growth disorders through advocacy, education, and research.
Germain-Lee EL, Ding CL, Deng Z, Crane JL, Saji M, Ringel MD, Levine MA. Paternal imprinting of Gαs in the human thyroid as the basis of TSH resistance in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 296:67-72, 2002. PMID 12147228
Germain-Lee EL, Groman J, Crane JL, Jan de Beur SM, Levine, MA. Growth hormone deficiency in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a: another manifestation of multihormone resistance. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 88:4059-4069, 2003. Special Feature article (with accompanying editorial). PMID 12970262
Germain-Lee EL, Schwindinger W, Crane JL, Zewdu R, Huso DL, Zweifel L, Wand G, Motoyasu S, Ringel MD, Levine MA. A mouse model of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy generated by targeted disruption of exon 1 of the Gnas gene. Endocrinology. 146:4697-4709, 2005. PMID 16099856
Miller RS, Ball KL, Comi AM, Germain-Lee EL. Growth hormone deficiency in Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 91:340-341, 2006. PMID 16551788
Germain-Lee EL. Short stature, obesity, and growth hormone deficiency in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 3(2):318-327, 2006. PMID
Long DN, McGuire S, Levine MA, Weinstein LS, Germain-Lee EL. Body mass index differences in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a versus pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism may implicate paternal imprinting of Gαs in the development of human obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 92(3):1073-1079, 2007. [highlighted in Endocrine News, 32(3):8, 2007] PMID 17164301
Plagge A, Kelsey G, Germain-Lee EL. Physiological functions of the imprinted Gnas locus and its protein variants Gαs and XLαs in human and mouse. J Endocrinol. 196(2):193-214, 2008. PMID 18252944
Comi AM, Bellamkonda S, Ferenc LM, Cohen BA, Germain-Lee EL. Central hypothyroidism and Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Pediatr Neurol. 39(1):58-62, 2008. PMID 18555176
Crane JL, Shamblott MJ, Axelman J, Hsu S, Levine MA, Germain-Lee EL. Imprinting status of Gαs, NESP55, and XLαs in cell cultures derived from human embryonic germ cells. Clin Trans Sci. 2(5):355-360, 2009. PMID 20443919
Long DN, Levine MA, Germain-Lee EL. Bone mineral density in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 95(9):4465-4475, 2010. PMID 20610593
Joseph AW, Shoemaker AH, Germain-Lee EL. Increased prevalence of carpal tunnel
syndrome in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 96(7):2065-2073, 2011. PMID 21525160
Huso DL, Edie S, Levine MA, Schwindinger W, Wang Y, Jüppner H, Germain-Lee EL. Heterotopic ossifications in a mouse model of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy. PLoS One. 6(6):e21755, 2011. PMID 21747923
Germain-Lee EL. A new culprit in osteogenesis imperfecta. J Bone Miner Res.
26(12):2795-2797, 2011. PMID 22105742
Shapiro J, Germain-Lee EL. Osteogenesis imperfecta: effecting the transition from adolescent to adult medical care. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 12(1):24-27, 2012. PMID 22373948
Siddique L, Sreenivasan A, Comi AM, Germain-Lee EL. Importance of utilizing a sensitive free T4 assay in Sturge-Weber Syndrome. J Child Neurol. 28(2):269-274, 2013. PMID 23112245
Germain-Lee EL, DiGirolamo DJ, Plotkin H. Growth and growth hormone use in osteogenesis imperfecta; Chap 29. Shapiro JR, Byers PH, Glorieux F, Sponseller PD (eds): Osteogenesis Imperfecta: A Translational Approach to Brittle Bone Disease, 1st edition, Elsevier Press, 2013:267-280.
DiGirolamo DJ, Singhal V, Chang X, Lee S-J, Germain-Lee EL. Administration of soluble activin receptor 2B increases bone and muscle mass in a mouse model of osteogenesis imperfecta. Bone Res. 3:14042, 2015. PMID 26161291
Bachur C, Comi A, Germain-Lee EL. Partial hypopituitarism in patients with Sturge- Weber syndrome. Pediatr Neurol. 53(3):e5-6, 2015. PMID 26166325
Germain-Lee EL, Brennen F-S, Stern D, Kantipuly A, Melvin P, Terkowitz MS, Shapiro JR. Cross-sectional and longitudinal growth patterns in osteogenesis imperfecta: implications for clinical care. Pediatr Res. 79(3):489-495, 2016. PMID 26539664
Salemi P, Olson JM, Dickson LE, Germain-Lee EL. Ossifications in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy: role of genotype, inheritance, sex, age, hormonal status, and BMI. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Accepted 10/16/2017, published online 10/19/2017. DOI 10.1210/jc.2017-00860.
Mantovani G, Bastepe M, Monk D, de Sanctis L, Thiele S, Usardi A, Ahmed SF, Bufo R, Choplin T, De Filippo G, Devernois G, Eggermann T, Elli FM, Freson K, Garcia Ramirez A, Germain-Lee EL… Perez de Nanclares G, Linglart A (46 authors). Diagnosis and management of pseudohypoparathyroidism and related disorders: first international Consensus Statement. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2018 Aug;14(8):476-500.
Germain-Lee EL. Management of pseudohypoparathyroidism. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2019 May 28. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000783. [Epub ahead of print]
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