Pathway Background and Objectives

Neonatal jaundice is a common diagnosis in pediatrics. In 2004 the AAP released guidelines for care of infants >/= 35 weeks gestation with hyperbilirubinemia in order to avoid severe hyperbilirubinemia and bilirubin encephalopathy. This Clinical Practice Guideline was updated in 2022.

This pathway aims to:

  • Decrease variation in the care of neonates admitted for hyperbilirubinemia
  • Triage admission processes including when to directly admit to medical/surgical floors vs. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
  • Standardize breastfeeding support during admission, including pumping, when to supplement, and lactation consultation for all breastfeeding infants
  • Encourage continuation of exclusive breastfeeding
  • Decrease unnecessary use of intravenous therapies
  • Guide care involving phototherapy, and decrease delay in initiation of phototherapy
  • Standardize laboratory monitoring and decrease unnecessary rebound total serum bilirubin testing
  • Ensure Vitamin D supplementation when indicated

Algorithm  Educational Module

  • Percentage of patients with order set usage
  • Percentage of patients with lactating mother with breastfeeding education completed (electric breast pump provided to mother with instructions and schedule, patient handout on Breastfeeding and Jaundice provided)
  • Percentage of patients with lactation consult completed in < 24 hours
  • Percentage of patients with phototherapy start time documented
  • Average time from arrival to initiation of phototherapy (minutes)
  • Percentage of patients with phototherapy intensity > 30 µW/cm2/nm
  • Percentage of infants with continuation of breastfeeding 1 week post hospital discharge
  • Percentage of infants with continuation of breastfeeding 1 month post hospital discharge
  • Percentage of families unable to be reached at 1 week
  • Percentage of families unable to be reached at 1 month
  • Average length of stay (days)
  • Jill Herring, APRN
  • Ilana Waynik, MD
  • Mary Lussier, RN, IBCLC
  • Kristin Welch, MD

The clinical pathways in the above links have been developed specifically for use at Connecticut Children’s and are made available publicly for informational and/or educational purposes only. The clinical pathways are not intended to be, nor are they, a substitute for individualized professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Although Connecticut Children’s makes all efforts to ensure the accuracy of the posted content, Connecticut Children’s makes no warranty of any kind as to the accuracy or completeness of the information or its fitness for use at any particular facility or in any individual case.