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Skin Conditions

Dr. Hughes examining young girl's faceAt the Division of Plastic Surgery at Connecticut Children’s, our expert providers have extensive experience diagnosing and treating pediatric skin conditions. We will work with you and your child to determine the best course of treatment for your child.

Conditions We Treat

Melanocytic Nevus (mole)

A nevus (commonly known as a “mole”) is a visible pigmented growth within the skin. These can be present from birth (congenital), or develop with age. In children, these are often noncancerous (benign), but you should ask your pediatrician for a referral to our plastic surgery team if you have any concerns. If your child has a skin lesion that is quickly growing, changing in color, or bleeding, then you should seek more urgent evaluation.

Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids

A hypertrophic scar is a thickened scar that has not grown beyond the size of the previous scar. A keloid is a robust scar that extends past the previous scar, extending into the surrounding normal skin. These scars can be pink/red, smooth, shiny and sometimes raised above the skin. Treatment options for hypertrophic scars and keloids include watchful management, corticosteroid injections, laser treatments, or surgical scar revisions. Injections into a keloid can often be performed in the clinic. Ask your provider which option is the best for your condition.


There are many different types of cysts. A cyst may be associated with hair follicles, skin tissue, and glands that produce sweat and skin oil. The cyst often grows because these glands continue to produce these substances within the cyst. Treatment for many types of cysts is surgical removal. Depending on where the cyst is located, further testing may be needed prior to surgery.

Pyogenic Granuloma

A pyogenic granuloma is a small, round growth on the skin that is usually bright red in color. These can often bleed since they are formed by a blood capillary near the surface of the skin. Surgical removal may be considered if the lesion continues to bleed or grow.


A break in the skin that leaves internal tissue exposed is called an open wound. These may be caused by trauma, such as an animal bite, car/bike accidents, or falls. These may also occur after an operation, or can be due to a medical condition. Open skin wounds should be examined by a medical professional to determine the best treatment to promote healing and prevent infection or other long-term problems. Our team will provide recommendations for wound care and discuss if further surgical treatment may be needed.

If your child has any of these skin conditions, or others, please call Connecticut Children’s Division of Plastic Surgery at 860.545.9360 to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced providers.

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