Non-ossifying fibromas are the most common benign bone lesions in children. Made of fibrous tissue, NOF are non-aggressive. They often occur in the femur (thigh bone) or tibia (shin bone), but may also occur in the humerus (upper arm bone).

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What are the signs and symptoms of a non-ossifying fibroma?

  • Mild swelling or soreness
  • Dull ache, even during periods of inactivity
  • Broken bone caused, in part, by the non-ossifying fibroma; cause is usually discovered later

What causes a non-ossifying fibroma?

The cause of non-ossifying fibromas is currently unknown.

How is a non-ossifying fibroma diagnosed?

  • Physical exam
  • X-rays
  • Additional imaging if necessary:
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Computed tomography (CT) scan

How is a non-ossifying fibroma treated?

In most cases, treatment is not needed for non-ossifying fibromas.

However, treatment may be necessary if the non-ossifying fibroma contributes to a weak or fractured bone. In these cases, providers treat the injury by stabilizing the bone. Doctors at Connecticut Children’s can determine the right plan to treat your child’s condition.