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Health Information For Parents
Enteritis (en-tuh-RY-tus) is inflammation of the small intestine.
The small intestine breaks down food so the body can absorb vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. When the small intestine becomes irritated and swollen (inflamed), it’s called enteritis. This sometimes happens along with inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) and large intestine (colitis).
There are many types of enteritis, including bacterial gastroenteritis, such as Campylobacter enteritis, Salmonella enteritis, and Shigella enteritis. Enteritis is usually caused by eating or drinking something infected with a virus or bacteria. Other causes include radiation therapy, certain medications and illegal drugs, and autoimmune conditions such as Crohn’s disease.
Enteritis can cause abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Treatment usually involves drinking fluids to prevent dehydration. In rare cases, enteritis may be treated in a hospital with intravenous (IV) fluids.
Mild cases of enteritis may not need treatment, but always see a doctor about any symptoms that concern you. In most cases, enteritis goes away on its own in a few days. If symptoms go on for longer than that, seek medical care, as some bacterial infections that cause enteritis can spread and lead to serious complications.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Kids can benefit from the companionship, affection, and relationships they share with pets. But it’s important to know how to protect your family from infections carried by pets and other animals.
A stool culture helps doctors determine if there’s a bacterial infection in the intestines.
Why is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?
These bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.
Salmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.
The germs that get into food and cause food poisoning are tiny, but can have a powerful effect on the body. Find out what to do if you get food poisoning – and how to prevent it.
Sometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning – and how to prevent it.
Did you ever eat something that made you feel ooky? It might have been food poisoning.
Germs are the microscopic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that can cause disease.
Nearly everybody gets diarrhea every once in a while, and it’s usually caused by gastrointestinal infections. It’s nothing to be embarrassed about. Read this article to learn more.
People often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.
Salmonellosis is an illness caused by a bacteria found in raw food, soil, water and the bowel movements of some animals, including reptiles. Find out how to prevent this illness.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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