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Health Information For Teens
Did you ever get a blister from a new pair of shoes? Maybe you play guitar and have calluses on your hands, or you’re a dancer and have corns on your toes.
Blisters, calluses, and corns can be uncomfortable, but they’re also pretty common and easy to prevent. All three happen because of friction — when two surfaces rub against each other. In the case of these skin problems, one of the surfaces is your tender skin.
A blister is an area of raised skin with a watery liquid inside. Blisters form on hands and feet from rubbing and pressure, and form a lot faster than calluses. You can get blisters on your feet the same day you wear uncomfortable or poor-fitting shoes. You can get blisters on your hands if you forget to wear protective gloves when you’re doing things like using a hammer or riding a bike.
Areas on your body that form blisters and continue to be rubbed every day can go on to form calluses.
A callus is an area of thick skin. Calluses form in places where there is a lot of repeated rubbing for a long period of time. The skin hardens from the pressure over time and eventually thickens. It gets a hard, tough, grayish or yellowish surface that may feel bumpy.
Calluses can be a form of protection for the hands. Gymnasts who perform on uneven parallel bars and other apparatus often get calluses on their hands. Guitarists can get calluses on their fingertips from the guitar strings. Once formed, calluses may make it easier for the person to swing around the bars or play the guitar.
But what about calluses on the feet? They can be painful because you’re stepping on them all the time. Foot calluses usually form on the ball of the foot (the roundish part on the bottom of your foot, just behind your big toe). Some calluses also form on the outside of the big or little toe or the heel.
Tight shoes and high heels often cause calluses because they put a lot of pressure on your feet at points that aren’t used to all of that stress.
Like calluses, corns are also areas of hard, thick skin. They usually look like a soft yellow ring of skin around a hard, gray center. Corns often form on the tops of the toes or in between toes, and they can hurt.
Like calluses, corns come from pressure or repeated rubbing of the toes. Corns usually develop after wearing shoes that are tight around the toe area.
The best way to deal with blisters, calluses, and corns is to avoid getting them altogether. So how do you do that?
If you do get a blister, callus, or corn, you can usually take care of it at home:
It may be tempting to ignore a splinter, especially if it doesn’t hurt. But a splinter can become infected, so you should try to get it out as soon as you notice it.
Injuries can be common, and runners should always be aware of their surroundings. To keep things safe while running, follow these tips.
Most warts are easy to treat and are rarely cause for alarm. Read this article for more information on warts and how to get rid of them.
Our skin protects the network of tissues, muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies. Hair and nails are actually modified types of skin.
A toenail is ingrown when it begins to break through and grow into the soft skin of the toe. Find out more about ingrown toenails.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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